|First Appearance||TOS 27 (23 Mar 1967)|
Outwardly, Klingons looked very similar to Humans, though the range of Klingon skin pigmentation was generally darker than that of most Humans; Klingons also had cranial and spinal ridges. Internally, Klingons were significantly different from Humans. Nearly every vital body function had multiple redundancies, which the Klingons called brak'lul; this gives Klingon warriors enormous resiliency in battle. In addition to an eight-chambered heart and twenty-three transverse ribs due to brak'lul, Klingons also had redundant stomachs. Klingon blood was a lavender color, which darkened to a deep reddish-brown when dried. Klingons also had no tear ducts.
Following an attack on the Qu'vat Colony by Human Augments in 2154, the Klingons attempted to create a breed of Augments of their own, using DNA samples taken from the wreckage of a Bird of Prey that had been seized by the Human Augments and destroyed in orbit of the Qu'vat Colony. Unfortunately, one of the Klingons selected for the procedure had the Levodian flu, which caused the Augment DNA to mutate into a lethal, airborne virus. The Klingons, in concert with Section 31, kidnapped Doctor Phlox of the Enterprise NX-01, hoping he could find a cure to what had become a plague that threatened to sweep through the Klingon Empire, and also allow the Augment program to succeed.
Phlox, however, tricked the Klingons, and although he cured the disease, the result was that the Klingons retained many Human features (though their internal organs remained unchanged), but none of the enhanced Augment abilities. It would take more than a century for the Klingons to reverse the changes to their genome and restore their appearance. The Klingons were so shamed by the debacle that they refused to discuss it with outsiders, and by the late 24th century, the fact that Klingons once had a large percentage of their population who had a Human-like appearance was largely forgotten.
Most Klingons lived according to a complex system of social customs, originally set down by Kahless the Unforgettable, that placed an individual's honor above all other considerations. A Klingon's honor reflected not only on himself, but also his immediate family and fellow House members. Running from battle, killing prisoners, using poisons, breaking one's sworn word, and disloyalty to family, House, and superiors were among those actions that Klingons considered to be dishonorable. Klingons tended to speak proudly; they did not typically whisper or keep their distance, as doing so could have been interpreted as an insult in Klingon culture. This aggressive culture made the Klingons an interstellar military power to be both respected and feared.
According to myth, ancient Klingons slew their gods in the 14th century (Earth calendar); the Klingons believed their gods to be “more trouble than they were worth,” according to Worf in 2372. As a result, there was no longer an equivalent of the devil in Klingon mythology in the 23rd century, although a beast known as Fek'lhr was believed to guard the underworld of Gre'thor, where the dishonored would go after death. Although Klingons continued to believe in an afterlife, there was no burial ceremony; a dead Klingon's companions would pry open his eyes and emit a bellowing cry as a warning to others that a warrior was entering the afterlife. Afterward, the body would be disposed of in the most efficient means possible, other Klingons now confident that the warrior's spirit had left an empty shell and joined Kahless in Sto-Vo-Kor. As a result, Klingons did not mourn the death of a warrior who had died honorably in battle, believing the spirit to have been freed. A dishonorable death, including suicide, however, meant that the dead Klingon's spirit would not travel across the River of Blood to Sto-Vo-Kor, but would instead be delivered by the Barge of the Dead to the gates of Gre'thor.
Klingon culture had many traditions and rituals. A blow from the back of the hand could be interpreted as a challenge to fight to the death, while one delivered to the face by the heel of one's palm could indicate the start of a mating ritual. Klingons believed that they possessed an instinctive ability to look an opponent in the eye and see the intent to kill. A young Klingon was considered to be a man on the day when he could first hold a blade. Klingon medical technology often suffered, in part, due to cultural biases that injured warriors should be left to die or carry out the Hegh'bat, a ritual that involved a close friend or family member killing a grievously wounded Klingon, so that he could die honorably. The R'uustai ceremony bonded two individuals' families together, making them, legally, siblings. Other rituals and traditions included the Day of Honor, the Rite of Ascension, the Kal'Hyah, and the tea ceremony. These were designed to prove a Klingon's strength and endurance — key qualities of a successful warrior.
Klingon society was divided into four tiers. At the top was the nobility, the lords of Houses great and small. Their authority was derived from their control over their lands and the armies at their command. Generally presumed to be the most honorable, the nobility enjoyed the most power and privileges in society. The second tier was formed by the warriors, who sought admission into the militaries of the Houses. The third tier consisted of the healers, accountants, weapon-smiths, nursemaids, and countless other professions necessary to keep society functioning. Generally, this tier consisted of those Klingons who were refused induction into a House's army, although some chose to continue a family business. The fourth tier encompassed the jegh'pu'wI — inhabitants of planets conquered by the Empire. Those Klingons who had no honor, and had been banished from the Empire — a process known as discommendation — had no place in this social order.
Notes and References
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- Steven-Charles Jaffe & Ralph Winter (Producers). Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country. Directed by Nicholas Meyer. Story by Leonard Nimoy and Lawrence Konner & Mark Rosenthal. Screenplay by Nicholas Meyer & Denny Martin Flinn. Paramount Pictures Corporation, 6 December 1991.
- Berman, Rick & Braga, Brannon (Executive Producers). "Broken Bow." Enterprise, Season 1, Episodes 1-2. Directed by James Conway. Written by Rick Berman & Brannon Braga. Paramount Pictures Corporation, 26 September 2001.
- Roddenberry, Gene (Producer). Star Trek: The Motion Picture. Directed by Robert Wise. Story by Alan Dean Foster. Screenplay by Harold Livingston Paramount Pictures Corporation, 7 December 1979.
- Roddenberry, Gene & Berman, Rick & Piller, Michael (Executive Producers). "Reunion." Star Trek: The Next Generation, Season 4, Episode 7. Directed by Jonathan Frakes. Story by Drew Deighan & Thomas Perry & Jo Perry. Teleplay by Thomas Perry & Jo Perry & Ronald D. Moore & Brannon Braga. Paramount Pictures Corporation, 5 November 1990.
- Berman, Rick & Behr, Ira Steven (Executive Producers). "Trials and Tribble-ations." Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, Season 5, Episode 6 (Production Number 503). Directed by Jonathan West. Story by Ira Steven Behr & Hans Beimler & Robert Hewitt Wolfe. Teleplay by Ronald D. Moore & René Echevarria. Paramount Pictures Corporation, 4 November 1996.
- Roddenberry, Gene (Executive Producer) & Berman, Rick & Hurley, Maurice (Co-Executive Producers). "Heart of Glory." Star Trek: The Next Generation, Season 1, Episode 20 (Production 120). Directed by Rob Bowman. Story by Maurice Hurley & Herbert Wright & D.C. Fontana. Teleplay by Maurice Hurley. Paramount Pictures Corporation, 21 March 1988.
- Roddenberry, Gene & Berman, Rick (Executive Producers) & Piller, Michael (Co-Executive Producer). "Sins of the Father." Star Trek: The Next Generation, Season 3, Episode 12. Directed by Les Landau. Story by Drew Deighan. Teleplay by Ronald D. Moore & W. Reed Moran. Paramount Pictures Corporation, 19 March 1990.
- Isaacs, Ross A. (Line Developer). "Player's Guide." Star Trek Roleplaying Game, Book 1. Designed by Ross A. Isaacs, Christian Moore, and Owen Seyler. Additional Design by Matthew Colville, Kenneth Hite, Steven S. Long, and Don Mappin. Written by Matthew Colville, Kenneth Hite, Steven S. Long, Don Mappin, Christian Moore, and Seyler, Owen. Edited by Janice Sellers. Original Art by Kieran Yanner. Decipher, Inc., 2002.
- Roddenberry, Gene (Executive Producer) and Freiberger, Fred (Producer). "Day of the Dove." Star Trek, Season 3, Episode 11. Directed by Marvin Chomsky. Written by Jerome Bixby. Paramount Pictures Corporation, 1 November 1968.
- Roddenberry, Gene & Berman, Rick & Piller, Michael (Executive Producers). "Devil's Due." Star Trek: The Next Generation, Season 4, Episode 13. Directed by Tom Benko. Story by Philip LaZebnik & William Douglas Lansford. Paramount Pictures Corporation, 4 February 1991.
- Roddenberry, Gene & Berman, Rick (Executive Producers) & Piller, Michael (Co-Executive Producer). "The Bonding." Star Trek: The Next Generation, Season 3, Episode 5. Directed by Winrich Kolbe. Written by Ronald D. Moore. Paramount Pictures Corporation, 23 October 1989.
- Berman, Rick (Producer). Star Trek: Generations. Directed by David Carson. Story by Rick Berman & Ronald D. Moore & Brannon Braga. Screenplay by Ronald D. Moore & Brannon Braga. Paramount Pictures Corporation, 18 November 1994.
- Heinig, Jess (Line Developer). "Aliens." Star Trek Roleplaying Game, Book 5. Written by Bill Bridges, Andrew Greenberg, Kenneth Hite, Ross A. Isaacs, and Doug Sun. Edited by Jess Heinig and Ross A. Isaacs. Art Direction by Jesse Cassem. Decipher, Inc., 2003.