When objects such as planets or spacecraft orbit one another, the smaller of the two moves in a roughly circular pattern around the larger object, with its motion preventing it from falling deeper into the larger object's gravity well. Starships often utilize a "standard orbit" when orbiting a planet.
Notes and References
- Roddenberry, Gene (Executive Producer). "The Cage." Star Trek, Season 0, Episode 0. Directed by Robert Butler. Written by Gene Roddenberry. Desilu Productions, 1965 (Released 1986).
- Roddenberry, Gene (Executive Producer). "Where No Man Has Gone Before." Star Trek, Season 1, Episode 1. Directed by James Goldstone. Written by Samuel A. Peeples. Desilu Productions, 22 September 1966.